How is LNG used?
LNG has many uses, including as a fuel for the generation of electricity, as a fuel for backup generation or as an alternate fuel supply during periods of high demand. LNG also can be used as an alternative transportation fuel.
Why use LNG?
LNG is a good option for customers in areas with limited or no access to natural gas infrastructure. It is an affordable alternative to the construction of new natural gas pipelines or it can be a temporary solution to securing a long-term supply. This is considered a “virtual pipeline,” which allows for flexibility and customization for end-users who may not want the full firm commitment that’s required by pipelines. LNG also can be used as a reliable source of fuel for backup generation or during times of high gas demand in which some customers would typically pay a high premium.
What type of customers use LNG?
Pivotal LNG will provide affordable supplies of LNG to a wide range of customers, from commercial and industrial users to local gas utilities, marine fleets and power generation. LNG customer facilities are customizable, as they can be used for storage capability and even for regasification equipment needs. Multiple customers also can use the same centralized tank and re-gasification units, creating a small gas distribution network called a “gas island.”
Is LNG safe?
LNG has been safely transported around the world for decades. As a liquid, LNG is not explosive. When LNG is released from its container and warmed, a vapor cloud of primarily natural gas will form. While cold and without wind, the natural gas could stay in the area for a period of time. In the open, the vapor cloud will disperse due to wind or once sufficiently warmed since natural gas is lighter than air. Natural gas is flammable and combustible when mixed in the correct ratio with air if it is confined, and if an ignition source is present. Do not approach an LNG leak, immediately leave the area, stay upwind, and call 911.
Is LNG environmentally friendly?
By bridging the pipeline gap with a virtual pipeline, modular LNG facilities delivers cleaner burning fuels to customers and reduces emissions. Adoption of LNG frequently displaces the use of less environmentally friendly fuels such as diesel or propane, which are commonly used for backup or peak electricity generation.
How does LNG work for the customer?
Pivotal LNG provides turnkey solutions at all stages of the energy value chain, securing, transporting and storing natural gas for customers. The on-site storage and re-gasification of natural gas also can be provided. Online monitoring and telemetry will ensure the equipment is operating correctly and with an adequate supply of LNG. The customer also has the ability to access the supply as needed.
How is LNG transported?
LNG is natural gas that has been cooled to its liquid form at negative 260 degrees Fahrenheit. LNG occupies approximately 1/600th the volume of natural gas in its gaseous state, which makes it easy and safe to store or transport. Small-scale, modular natural gas liquefiers are connected to natural gas gathering lines, interstate gas pipelines or local distribution companies. Once liquefied, the natural gas is transported by truck in tanks designed for cryogenic liquids to ensure it stays in its liquid state. LNG can be trucked up to 250 miles economically, but it’s capable of being trucked longer distances. Future development plans could include options to ship LNG by barge or rail to provide greater range and flexibility.
How long does LNG remain in liquid form?
LNG can be stored in specially designed, cryogenic tanks for an extended period of time. When stored in large quantities or for an extended period of time, LNG can begin to re-gasify, or boil off. By re-liquefying the gas on-site, the customer is able to mitigate any potential product loss.
How does the price of LNG compare with other fuels?
LNG is comparable to propane in regards to availability, cost and reliability. As a commodity, the price of LNG has remained stable and has not proven to be as susceptible to price volatility as other fuels.